Question: Which Term Means Lower Part Of The Body?

Which term means belly side?

ventralventral.

refers to the front or belly side of the organ or body.

dorsal.

refers to the back of the organ or body.

anterior..

What is the anatomical term for foot?

CardsTerm SkullDefinition CranialTerm ankleDefinition tarsalTerm footDefinition petalTerm top of footDefinition dorsumTerm sole of footDefinition plantar63 more rows•Aug 26, 2009

What is basic human anatomy?

Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Often, you may be more interested in functions of the body. Functions include digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. Physiology is the study of the functions of the body. … In the laboratory, anatomy is studied by dissection (SECT = cut, DIS = apart).

What term means inside the body?

Medial: In the middle or inside, as opposed to lateral. Posterior: The back or behind, as opposed to the anterior. Posteroanterior: From back to front, as opposed to anteroposterior.

Why are directional terms so important?

Why are directional terms so important? Because they allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another. Directional terms allow us to explain where one body structure is in relation to another. The breastbone is ventral to the spine.

What are the 5 regions of the body?

The human body is roughly apportionable into five big regions: head, neck, torso, upper extremity and lower extremity.

How many midsagittal planes are in the human body?

Technically only one. The mid-sagittal plane (also known as the median plane) is a plane that bisects the body vertically through the midline. This divides the right and left sides of the body and you can’t do that in more than one way.

Which term means toward the lower part of the body?

caudalcaudal. means toward the lower part of the body. proximal. means situated nearest to the midline or the beginning of the body structure.

What are the 4 planes of the body?

The anatomical planes are four imaginary flat surfaces or planes that pass through the body in the anatomical position. They are the median plane, sagittal planes, coronal (frontal) planes and horizontal (transverse) planes (figure 2). Anatomical descriptions are also based on these planes.

How many regions are in the human body?

The nine regions are smaller than the four abdominopelvic quadrants and include the right hypochondriac, right lumbar, right illiac, epigastric, umbilical, hypogastric (or pubic), left hypochondriac, left lumbar, and left illiac divisions.

Which term means below the skin?

Hypodermic is a medical term that refers to anything related to just under the skin. … The prefix hypo- means “under,” while the Latin word derma refers to “skin.” You might remember this easily by thinking about the word dermatologist, which is a doctor who deals with skin issues.

What is the term for producing cancer?

Carcinogenic. Pertaining to producing cancer. Pathogenic. Pertaining to producing disease.

What are the body cavities?

A body cavity is a fluid-filled space inside the body that holds and protects internal organs. Human body cavities are separated by membranes and other structures. The two largest human body cavities are the ventral cavity and the dorsal cavity. These two body cavities are subdivided into smaller body cavities.

What is the relationship between the elbow and the wrist?

The ulna extends from the pinkie finger side of the wrist to the elbow, and the radius goes from the thumb side of the wrist to the elbow. The humerus, the large bone that makes the upper arm, meets the other two at the elbow. These three bones help form two joints which complete the anatomy of the elbow.

When a person is in anatomical position the wrist is to the elbow?

Proximal and Distal They describe the position of a structure with reference to its origin – proximal means closer to its origin, distal means further away. Examples: The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint.

Is the wrist distal to the elbow?

Distal: farther away from a point of reference or attachment (ex: the elbow is distal to the shoulder or the wrist is distal to the elbow.

Which word root refers to the wall of a body cavity?

A serous membrane (also referred to a serosa) is one of the thin membranes that cover the walls and organs in the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities. The parietal layers of the membranes line the walls of the body cavity (pariet- refers to a cavity wall).

What plane divides the body into front and back?

Planes of the Body Coronal Plane (Frontal Plane) – A vertical plane running from side to side; divides the body or any of its parts into anterior and posterior portions. Sagittal Plane (Lateral Plane) – A vertical plane running from front to back; divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sides.

What is distal to the elbow?

(Left) The bones of the elbow. The “distal humerus” is the lower end of the humerus (upper arm bone). (Right) The major nerves and ligaments of the elbow are highlighted. The elbow consists of portions of all three bones: The distal humerus is the lower end of the humerus.

What is the underside of the body called?

Dorsal and ventral These two terms, used in anatomy and embryology, describe something at the back (dorsal) or front/belly (ventral) of an organism. The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top.

What are the 3 body planes?

Anatomical Planes in a Human: There are three basic planes in zoological anatomy: sagittal, coronal, and transverse.

What plane is a squat in?

Sagittal plane – a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right sides. Flexion and extension types of movement occur in this plane, eg kicking a football, chest pass in netball, walking, jumping, squatting. Frontal plane – passes from side to side and divides the body into the front and back.

What is meant by inferior?

What does inferior mean? Inferior most commonly means lesser or lower in quality or worth. Inferior is commonly applied to things that are considered not as good as other similar things, especially products. However, inferior is also used to describe how some people are treated as lesser than others.

What means near the point of origin?

Near the point of origin. Away from the point of origin. Vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right.

What are the major body cavities?

Humans have four body cavities: (1) the dorsal body cavity that encloses the brain and spinal cord; (2) the thoracic cavity that encloses the heart and lungs; (3) the abdominal cavity that encloses most of the digestive organs and kidneys; and (4) the pelvic cavity that encloses the bladder and reproductive organs.

Why is it called coronal plane?

The coronal plane, also called the frontal plane, is an anatomical term describing an imaginary division between an organism’s dorsal and ventral halves. Dorsal indicates an area toward the back or spine, while ventral indicates the direction away from the spine, typically toward the ground.

Which is not a function of the skin?

The correct answer is C. Digestion. The skin is more complex than most people realize, and it consists of several layers of nonliving and living cells, several sensory receptors and glands. … While excretion is not a major function of human skin it is very important in more primitive animals that do not have kidneys.

What means through the skin?

trans- (across; through) derm; cutane (skin) -ous (pertaining to) Definition: Across or through the skin, as in a transdermal patch to deliver medication.

What are the 12 organs of the body?

They are the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Only the reproductive system varies significantly between males and females.